Clement VII


Clement VII
(Giulio de' Medici; r. 1523-1534)
   Clement VII was the illegitimate son of Giuliano de' Medici, who was killed in the Pazzi Conspiracy. In 1513, he was appointed archbishop of Florence and cardinal by his cousin, Pope Leo X, who, in 1517, also made him his vice-chancellor. Having attained the throne in 1523, Clement was faced with the struggle between France and Spain for control over Northern Italy. In 1524, he allied himself with Francis I of France, but, when Francis was captured in Pavia in the following year, he had no choice but to seek the protection of Charles V. In 1526, in an effort to limit Charles' power, the pope again changed sides, joining the League of Cognac with France, Milan, Florence, and Venice. In retaliation, Charles sacked Rome (1527) and took Clement prisoner. The pope was released after he agreed to allow Charles to occupy several cities in the Papal States. In 1529, Clement allied himself with Charles against the Protestants in Germany and the Turks, who were then advancing on Vienna. In 1530, he crowned Charles Holy Roman Emperor in exchange for the reinstatement of Medici rule in Florence. Clement was the patron of Pietro Aretino and Niccoló Machiavelli. He commissioned from Michelangelo the Laurentian Library (1524-1534) and New Sacristy of San Lorenzo (1519-1534) in Florence, as well as the Transfiguration (1517; Rome, Pinacoteca Vaticana) from Raphael.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Clement VII —     Pope Clement VII     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Clement VII     (GIULIO DE’ MEDICI).     Born 1478; died 25 September, 1534. Giulio de Medici was born a few months after the death of his father, Giuliano, who was slain at Florence in the… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • CLÉMENT VII — CLÉMENT VII, JULES DE MÉDICIS (1478 1534) pape (1523 1534) Né à Florence, Jules de Médicis dut à la faveur de son cousin germain, Léon X, d’être archevêque de Florence et cardinal dès 1513; huit autres sièges (ou revenus) épiscopaux lui furent… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Clement VII — Clément VII (homonymie) Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Clément VII désigne : Jules de Médicis, un pape de l Église catholique. Robert de Genève, un antipape de l Église catholique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Clement VII —    1) (1478–1534)    Pope.    Clement VII was born Giulio de’ Medici and he was a cousin of Pope Leo x. He was appointed Archbishop of Florence and made a Cardinal in 1513 and he was highly influential during his cousin’s Pontificate. In 1523 he… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Clement VII — (Giulio de Medici) 1478 1534, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1523 34 (nephew of Lorenzo de Medici). * * * orig. Giulio de Medici born May 26, 1478, Florence died Sept. 25, 1534, Rome Pope (1523–34). The illegitimate son of Giuliano de Medici (see… …   Universalium

  • Clement (VII) — ▪ antipope original name  Robert of Geneva , French  Robert de Genève  born 1342, Geneva [Switzerland] died Sept. 16, 1394, Avignon, Provence [France]       first antipope (1378–94) of the Western (Western Schism) (Great) Schism that troubled the …   Universalium

  • Clément VII —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents souverains partageant un même nom. Clément VII désigne : Jules de Médicis, un pape de l Église catholique. Robert de Genève, un antipape de l Église catholique. Catégorie : Homonymie… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Clement VII — noun Italian pope from 1523 to 1534 who broke with Henry VIII of England after Henry VIII divorced Catherine of Aragon and married Anne Boleyn (1478 1534) • Syn: ↑Giulio de Medici • Instance Hypernyms: ↑pope, ↑Catholic Pope, ↑Roman Catholic Pope …   Useful english dictionary

  • Clement VII (antipape) — Clément VII (antipape)  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Clément VII.  Pour les articles homonymes, voir Robert de Genève …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Clément VII (Antipape) —  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Clément VII.  Pour les articles homonymes, voir Robert de Genève …   Wikipédia en Français


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